About cannabis

About cannabis

Find out about cannabis (cannabis), its uses, and types.

The Cannabis that is new Act its supporting regulations came into force on October 17, 2018. Discover more about Cannabis in Canada.

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Cannabis and its particular elements

Cannabis is the plant Cannabis sativa. The cannabis plant originally arises from Asia. It really is now grown all over global globe, including in Canada.

Substances in cannabis

Cannabis contains hundreds of chemical compounds. Over 100 among these are called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are made and kept into the plant’s trichomes. Trichomes are small, clear hairs that stand out through the flowers and leaves regarding the plant. Cannabinoids have impacts on mobile receptors within the body and brain. They could alter exactly just how those cells behave and talk to one another.

The absolute most cannabinoid that is researched delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is in charge of the real method your head and body react to cannabis, such as the high and intoxication. THC has some therapeutic results but it addittionally has side effects. Harmful effects can be greater if the strength of THC is higher.

The effectiveness (concentration or energy) of THC in cannabis is usually shown as being a percentage of THC by weight (or by amount of an oil). THC effectiveness in dried cannabis has increased from on average 3% into the 1980s to around 15% today. Some strains might have the average up to 30% THC.

Cannabis which has suprisingly low quantities of THC in its plants and leaves (lower than 0.3%) is categorized as hemp.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is another cannabinoid. Unlike THC, CBD will not create a higher or intoxication. There clearly was some evidence that CBD may block or reduced several of the results of THC in the brain. This could take place if the number of CBD within the cannabis is the identical or more compared to the quantity of THC. CBD normally being examined for the feasible uses that are therapeutic.


Terpenes are chemicals made and stored within the trichomes regarding the cannabis plant, because of the cannabinoids. Terpenes give cannabis its distinctive odor.

exactly How cannabis can be used

The cannabis plant is employed because of its results regarding the brain. Additionally it is employed for medical, social or purposes that are religious. Marijuana is really a slang term when it comes to dried flowers, leaves, stems and seeds associated with cannabis plant.

Cannabis could be drawn in various ways, by:

  • smoking cigarettes:
    • bones or spliffs (cannabis rolled in cigarette paper)
    • pipelines and bongs (a form of pipeline)
    • blunts (partially or entirely hollowed out cigar wrappers filled up with cannabis)
  • drinking or eating:
    • teas
    • carbonated drinks
    • cannabis oil
    • baked items
  • vaporizing and vaping (sucking in dried cannabis or liquid cannabis vapours through a vaporizer or vaping unit)
  • dabbing (sucking in very hot vapours from heating cannabis concentrates)

Link between the 2017 Canadian Cannabis Survey provide a snapshot of just just how much cannabis Canadians usage, how frequently they normally use it, and in exactly just what form.

The various types of cannabis

Many cannabis products come from or may be made utilising the plants and leaves associated with the cannabis plant. According to the way they are formulated, a range can be had by these products of potencies of THC (and CBD). dining Table 1 lists the primary kinds of cannabis and typical potencies of THC.

Note: Not all kinds of cannabis are yet readily available for appropriate purchase underneath the Cannabis Act that came into force on October 17, 2018. The Cannabis Act presently allows the purchase of:

  • cannabis oil
  • fresh cannabis
  • dried out cannabis
  • cannabis plant seeds
  • cannabis flowers

Edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals is going to be designed for legal sale no later than October 17, 2019.